20 percent of children suffer from atopic dermatitis chronic in industrialized countries, according to a study published in November 2014 in British Journal of Nursing . It is, therefore, the most common disease in children skin . Temperature, humidity and environmental pollution are elements that influence the development of this condition. In fact, the Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergy and Pediatric Asthma ( SEICAP ) reports that the cold can aggravate the symptoms of children with this disease .
DETERIORATION IN WINTER
This is because, as explained Elena Alonso, alergóloga SEICAP pediatrician and VP, the dehydration of the skin caused by dry cold, violent changes in temperature and high heating . All this leads to increased itching and therefore scratching and the appearance of new lesions.
Generally, dryness, appearance of redness, inflammation, desquamation and pruritus are common symptomology of this skin disease. To avoid them, nor should entertain children excessively because sweat is also due to deterioration and the touch of clothing can trigger an outbreak. In short, winter is a difficult period for this disease and Alonso added that “should not be abused humidifiers because they can even be negative.”
TIPS FOR AVOIDING THE OUTBREAK
The SEICAP also recommends moisturize the skin of the child properly, showering with not too hot water, dry without rubbing vigorously, using cotton clothes and cut and properly cleannails so that in case of scratching, no injures serious.
In addition to increased winter damage, atopic dermatitis is often associated with other allergic manifestations such as asthma. 39 percent of children developed it between two and three years old, according to an Italian study published in November 2014 in the journal The Journal of asthma: official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma .