Acne, rosacea, melasma and alopecia are the skin diseases that most affect women and more consultation generated in the halls of Dermatology, according Paloma Cornejo, member of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) . On the occasion of the International Day of Working Women held on March 8, this Dermatologist looks at the prevalence, symptoms and treatment of each of these conditions:
1. Acne . “Suffer three quarters of adolescent population , although it is also present in adulthood , ” says Cornejo to TodoDermo. According to data provided by this expert, acne is more prevalent in women from 20 to 50 years , the difference between sexes more pronounced after 40 years. “The clinic is variable and can range from small non – inflamed comedones to pustules and papules and even deep and painful cysts that can leave scars , ” he recalls. Regarding the use of cosmetics, it warns that “for acne is the worst enemy this comedogenicity in many makeups and photoresists”, so the advice on the use of these products is very important.
In their experience, “it is a condition that is not solved with creams and soaps because sometimes it is linked to other diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome that requires oral treatment”. At this point, Cornejo explains that his approach is to “reduce dairy products and foods with a high caloric index, inadequate cosmetics and contraceptives if the latter are involved in the onset of acne.” Depending on each case, “they can pautar antibiotics but are very delimited resistances generated, being more effective contraception antiandrogenic effect as androgens increase sebum secretion”. And the sickest patients, “are treated with isotretinoin, a drug currently prescribed in low doses , ” he adds.
2. Rosacea . According to Cornejo, it is estimated to affect 10 percent of women over age 30 , especially those of Celtic descent. “This is an inflammatory disease which manifests itself in the face with redness, papules, pustules, burning and skin tightening” lists. In his view, “intolerance to cosmetics is almost universal because products with alpha hydroxy acids and comedogneicos can cause irritation and cause outbreaks”. Self – management of these patients suggest “no excess oiling because sensitive skin is not synonymous dry”. A part of oral and topical antibiotics, this specialist stresses that ” the dermocosmetic can be a friend or foe control rosacea , thus requiring professional advice”.
3. Melasma. “One in two women will have this skin condition throughout his life , ” he says. For proper identification from the pharmacy, dermatologist says that “is a symmetrical and geographical outline of light or dark brown pigmentation, according to the skin type of every woman, which is located on the forehead, cheeks and upper lip.” These spots are related to contraception and pregnancy while acknowledging “there is a large percentage of girls who do not have this background and suffering”. In these cases, topical skin lightening as hydroquinone and tranexamic acid, a drug that act preventively and prescription and use sunscreen “are recommended.
4. Alopecia. Hair loss ranks as the fourth most common dermatologic problem: “40 percent of patients over age 50 have androgenetic alopecia , ” he says. This expert believes that “high attention that has this disease in the case of men do that sometimes go unnoticed on the other sex.”
Hormonal alteration during menopause is a major cause of female hair loss for what Cornejo recommends “the use of anti – seborrhoeic active as Sabal serrulata extract, Aminexil and antioxidants like green tea”. It also highlights recent drug developments such as finasteride and dutasteride. “