“Before getting a tattoo would be most appropriate contact allergy tests done to prevent unwanted reactions , ” advises Javier Pedraz, a dermatologist at University Hospital Quirón Madrid. And it is that the components used in colors can be allergens for certain skin.
The reactions can be more or less severe depending on the color used. Thus, “one of the tones that causes more problems is red, as it usually compounds with iron oxide rich organic pigments or sandalwood, which are highly allergenic , ” he says. Furthermore, “can cause yellow photodermatitis when the pigment is exposed to sunlight , ” he adds. To this palette, the expert adds blue and black contain paraphenylenediamine, greens, which are formed of potassium dichromate, and brown, ferric hydrate.
ALLERGIC REACTIONS MOTIVE
The infrequency of exposure to such substances and therefore ignorance user if you are allergic to them or not, is the reason for the frequent occurrence of allergic reactions.
Nor they are exempt from problems semipermanent henna tattoos. Pedraz explains why “Henna is mixed with para-phenylenediamine, a substance that normally causes allergic contact inflammatory reaction.”
Besides allergic reactions may also arise frequently and bacterial infections, “although less frequently, also viral (warts, herpes or mollusks), subsidiaries treatment”. Poor hygiene some centers, where not sterilize the material, is usually the cause that provokes these condition.
In these cases, the expert stressed the need to “treat the infection quickly to prevent its spread.” How? Generally oral antibiotics or, in severe cases intravenously. ” It would be necessary to perform a culture of the infected bacteria to identify the area causing the infection and thus administer the most appropriate antibiotic to treat it .” He adds.
In severe cases, “it may be necessary to surgically open to drain purulent material and even remove the area in case of very aggressive germs”.
AFTER getting a tattoo
Most immediately to overcome all these problems, clean the area with antiseptic or antibiotic ointment tattoo done nothing. “It should cover the area with an occlusive dressing for a period between 2 and 24 hours to protect from opportunistic infections. Usually thick, absorbent and anti – adherent dressings are used “specifies Pedraz.
When removing the bandage, it should be moistened with warm water for easy removal, clean the tattoo with soap and water and let it air dry. For three to five days after removing the dressing must not stop applying antibiotic ointment (to not interfere with healing).
Subsequently, for at least the next two weeks, continues the dermatologist, ” you have to apply a cream moisturizer that restores elasticity to the area as it can exfoliate the skin.”
In addition to this routine, the doctor recommends not submerge the tattoo in the sea or pool so you do not delete or infected by bacteria. Also it warns that sun exposure can decrease the tattoo pigment. Finally, it suggests avoiding physical effort and scratching or removing scabs that form in the healing period to avoid superinfections or alter the tattoo.
DURATION OF SKIN PROBLEMS
By following these guidelines and, unless major problems, ” the skin will be completely recovered within four to six weeks” . However, although most of the conditions usually occur during the first few days or weeks after completion of the tattoo, the risk is always there .
“One of the major long-term problems are allergic reactions, because they depend on the amount of allergenic substance and the time the substance has been in contact with the skin. Therefore, months or years later may appear “confirms Pedraz.
Tattoos can also lead to other problems such as the inability of certain medical tests. In the case of MRIs. As explained dermatologist, “some inks used in tattoos contain metallic components and devices lLos magnetic resonance or similar reactive metals”. Therefore it states that patients who have a tattoo of this type “may have burning, burning, pain or even burn. Sometimes they may simply present a tingling sensation, but the results may be erroneous resonance. “However,” modern tattoos rarely have metallic components “recognizes.