The map was drawn from the analysis of clinical research articles published between 2005 and 2014 , inclusive, present in the databases ‘Medline’ or ‘Embase’. And as an admission requirement for this analysis, studies had to have an address corresponding author of a center or institution in Spanish dermatology and have a level of scientific evidence of 4 or less. Thus, 1,104 items with the level of evidence required were identified, and after analyzing the data from these studies, it was found that Barcelona , Madrid and Valencia are the Spanish cities that have published research articles ondermatology , followed by A Coruña , Malaga , Granada and Seville .
With regard to information from diseases and centers, it is the most researched disease is melanoma and institutions that more studies done on this subject are the Valencian Institute of Oncology Clinic of Barcelona Hospital and the General Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón (Madrid), according to the inclusion criteria of this study. However, if investigations are grouped within the subject area of skin tumors this group the Hospital del Mar (Barcelona) would join. On the other hand, the Universitari Sagrat Cor (Barcelona), the Central University Hospital of Asturias and the Campus Health Hospital (Granada) Hospital are centers with a greater number of studies on psoriasis.
As dermatitis and eczema , together with psoriasis are diseases most investigated in the group of inflammatory and autoimmune dermatoses (another area where research concentrates) centers with more studies are the General University Hospital Alicante, the University General Hospital of Valencia and the University Hospital Complex Santiago de Compostela.
With regard to infectious skin diseases (fungal infections, human papilloma virus and those generated by mycobacteria, among others), the Hospital Costa del Sol (Marbella), the University Hospital La Paz (Madrid) and the University Hospital Complex Santiago de Compostela with the highest number of publications on this subject.
Centers with more publications attributable to the field of pediatric dermatology , (where research is focused on genetic diseases, vascular malformations and acne) are the architect Marcide (Ferrol, A Coruña), the University Hospital Complex of A Coruña Hospital and the University Hospital La Paz.
And in relation to the unclassifiable diseases s in the above groups (alopecia, toxicoderma and nail disorders, among others) it shows that schools with the highest number of publications are the University Hospital Virgen de la Macarena (Sevilla), the University Hospital San Cecilio (Granada) and the University General Hospital of Valencia.
“I think this map is useful to know who is investigating and why, and thus make it known to all Spanish dermatologists, to promote collaborative work and identify areas poorly studied,” he explained the director of the Research Unit AEDV, Ignacio García Doval, coordinator of the study.
In addition, the authors call attention to certain diseases that are relatively frequent are not within the focus of research interest by Spanish dermatologists such as the vitiligo, lichen planus or hives, among others.