Next Monday, November 14, World Diabetes Day is celebrated, a disease that affects the skin health. Diabetic patients have a higher risk to suffer skin problems: “Up to 33 percent suffer from a dermatological condition throughout his life” , according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). This organization notes that some infections or diseases associated with skin may be the first indication of diabetes . “There is a significantly higher rate of infection in these people, especially of bacterial origin , ” explains TodoDermo, Teresa Peláez attached internist Mycology Service General Hospital Universitario Gregorio Maranon in Madrid and spokesmanSpanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC). “Also common fungal infections in these patients particularly affect nails, genitals and skin folds , ” specifies Alejandro Lara, an internist at the Department of Infectious Diseases Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón.
- Are fungal infections affecting nails, genitals and skin folds common
Lara said that although skin manifestations in these patients are highly variable must be especially careful about bacterial infections because ” they can progress to gangrene and even necrotizing fasciitis, which is a dermatologic emergency that may even endanger their lives” .
DIABETES ASSOCIATED DISEASES
Acanthosis nigricans 1 : manifested by brown spots on the neck, armpits and English but can also occur in the hands, elbows and knees. It is related to overweight and is the most common among those described by AAD “74 percent of the obese population has such injuries in relation to increased insulin levels” said Peláez.
2. Diabetic dermopathy : The main symptoms are scaly, brown spots and painless oval appearing in the legs. According to the ADD it is harmless and requires no treatment. ” It is common in men aged 50 years , especially those with long evolution of diabetes and glycemic control bit , ” adds Peláez.
- Acanthosis nigricans is the most common and is related to the Overweight
3. Necrobiosis Lipoidica diabetic : the clinical picture is similar to diabetic dermopathy although lesions are larger and deeper with scars that may have a reddish color. “This disease is more common in women and is associated with type 1 diabetes , although it can occur in both types , ” said Lara.
4. Allergies : rashes or eczema in adjacent areas where the patient is injected insulin to. “These skin problems can occur from allergic reaction to medication , ” says the AAD on its website.
5. Diabetic Blisters : appear on the back of the hands, fingers, feet and sometimes in the legs or forearms. They are painless and usually cause scarring.
6. eruptive Xanthomatosis : manifests with yellowed dilations and red bumps on the hands, feet, arm, legs and buttocks. It is related to young men with type 1 diabetes and high cholesterol.
7. Digital Sclerosis : producing a thickened skin on feet, front and, to a lesser extent, on knees and ankles. According to the AAD, one third of people with type 1 diabetes sufferers and just about restoring glycemic control
8. Granuloma annulare : are eruptions ring – shaped or bow and are more common in remote parts of the trunk as finger or ears. ” It occurs at any age and is more common in diabetic women , ” said Pelaez.