Despite the insistence of the pharmacist in the need for fotoprotegerse, if neglected many users end up suffering sunburn. Ideally concerned that this does not happen, but if it happens there are some treatments to relieve discomfort and gives TodoDermo Montserrat Pérez, dermatologist Dermatological Clinic Moragas, in Barcelona.
- Sunburn are painful because lower the pH of the skin, so baking is ideal to normalize the acidity
How can the pharmacist to detect that a burn is severe enough to lead to a dermatologist?
Major burns occur with great redness, itching and burning sensation and may even cause malaise, fever and vomiting state. In this case should be referred to a specialist or failing to general practitioner.
What are the consequences of burning the skin with the sun every summer, albeit mild form?
Sunburn always have their consequences. The skin has memory and any damage caused during life will accumulate. Mild but repeated, burns are the most harmful to our skin; those microinsultos receiving our skin, they accumulate and, over the years, appearing as an irregular pigmented freckles on sun – exposed areas injuries. These injuries are to be monitored for their color change and size and which can become pre or neoplastic lesions.
The most immediate effects of burns are pain, swelling and peeling of the skin. blisters that eventually descamarán may also occur and could lead to important changes color. But there are also internal damage, such as induction wrinkles and skin aging. Eventually, recurring sunburn can become cancerous and appear as melanoma. With the damage of UV rays on the skin, the innermost cells can lose their ability to repair.
- The active drug with sunburn is the acetylsalicylic acid
What drugs can be used to relieve pain from burns?
The most active drug against sunburn is aspirin. Acetylsalicylic acid acts on prostaglandins and inhibits erythema and itching. Previously make sure that the patient has no contraindications. Nor should be given to children. Alternatively , ibuprofen or paracetamol.
And topical treatments?
Topical corticosteroids are very useful and soothing lotions or aloe vera. Also, good after sun usually very effective. Sometimes all these topical agents are more effective if they have previously been in the refrigerator.
Is there any cosmetic that should not be used in these cases?
Dermatologists do not like products with zinc oxide because it dries leaving a movie as a cardboard on the skin that can be harmful when removing it , as well as difficult. Not recommend alcohol or colonies, but bring a sense of freshness instant, dries much skin.
What other way can relieve pain?
Sunburn are painful because lower the pH of the skin, so that the bicarbonate is an ideal acidity for normalizing the product. I recommend mixing a quarter cup of baking soda with a little water to make a paste, applying to the affected area allowed to dry and rinse with cold water.
If blisters occur, how they have to deal with ?
If they are too tight, as much, they can puncture with a sterile needle to drain fluid and allowed to dry themselves. If we cut or lift we will produce a denuded area of skin that will be even more painful.
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