Cutaneous manifestations of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are often the first symptom and the cause for which patients go to the pharmacy. In all these cases, the sources consulted by TodoDermo insist they should be referred to the doctor to perform the necessary analysis to rule out or confirm a possible STD . “In sex not only the genital region is involved, such as the vulva, vagina and penis, but exposure of the skin is much wider: the mouth, thighs, pubic area or anus. Therefore, clinical manifestations can be found in any of these areas of sexual intercourse , “describes Teresa Puerta, a dermatologist and member of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV).
- Most infections produce lesions in the mouth by increased oral sex
At this point Gemma Martin Ezquerra, Dermatologist Unit Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona, explains that “most of these infections cause lesions in the oral mucosa due to increased oral sex was once somewhat less frequent “. And how to differentiate skin symptoms caused by an STD sores or canker sores? Martin notes that “there is no way to tell them apart at a glance and need further tests , ” especially “when there are injuries, after 15 days, do not heal and may be carcinogenic.” This expert calls for caution from the counter : “encourage the use of condoms and screening in specialized centers but not cause alarm.”
On the other hand, Jose Manuel de la Torre and Laura Padilla, responsible for Unit Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hospital Nisa Aljarafe of Seville, warn that “the use of antibiotics in winter respiratory infections could mask or treat some asymptomatic STDs , a situation supported by studies showing that increasing antibiotic resistance in crops gonococcus “(the bacteria responsible for gonorrhea). Both emphasize that “not all of these disease symptoms or skin problems.”
ETS COMMON AND SKIN EFFECTS
According to Martin, the consequences on the skin of various diseases fall into three groups : “balanitis and vulvovaginitis corresponding to the processes of skin inflammation of the glans and vulva, urethral syndrome or cervicitis, which is the presence of purulent discharge from the urethra or vagina, and genital ulcers that appear in syphilis or genital herpes. ” Furthermore, this dermatologist adds a fourth group composed of “own genital warts of human papillomavirus (HPV) and molluscum contagiosum lesions which produce small transparent”.
In prevalence, recent data suggest that l AEDV more common is HPV infection , followed by genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis or HIV. “More than 530 million people carry the virus and more than 290 million women are infected. Year, HPV infection causes 530,000 cases of cervical cancer and 275,000 deaths , “says Pedro Herranz, dermatologist and member of the AEDV.