Vitiligo is a skin disease from which no known cure, but yes there are various treatments that improve the appearance of the affected. One of the most evolving methods is phototherapy.
- Mayte Truchuelo “PUVA therapy has an efficiency about 50 and 70 percent”
Not only is used for vitiligo, but also a mechanism used in other diseases such as psoriasis and alopecia areata. In the case of vitiligo, this method is effective in more than half of patients (65 percent of approximately response), according to the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV).
One of the phototherapy of choice for addressing Vitiligo is, according to Augustine Alomar, Professor of Dermatology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and member of the AEDV, which employs NB-UVB, narrowband UVB. “In countries like Spain treatment can be done with natural sunlight in about seven or eight months, depending on the region. Furthermore, in combination with topical treatments and oral antioxidants they are usually very effective. ” While he is acknowledging that no expert “can claim to cure vitiligo” self advocates that are “able to improve a lot and greatly help the patient.”
Another technique is called PUVA, which mentions TodoDermo Mayte Truchuelo, the AEDV specializing in cosmetic dermatology, vitiligo and oncologic patient care dermatologist. Is a treatment “based on the beneficial antiinflammatory effect of ultraviolet radiation, as well as stimulation of repigmentation ” TodoDermo explained.
The name refers to psoralen ultraviolet A (PUVA) and seeks to increase the effects of UVA radiation by topical or oral application of a photosensitizer, such as psoralen.
As for its effectiveness it varies says individuals, “because there are factors such as location, disease activity and time of evolution, among others, influencing the response rate”. In general, he continues, ” we can speak of an efficiency around 50 and 70 percent in locations such as the face, trunk or proximal extremities.”
However, this therapy is not without risk: “They can cause burns and long-term influence the development of skin cancer.”
CAN DO MORE
A part of phototherapy, you can perform small routine changes to improve this disease. First, it is advisable to avoid stress, since it has seen its influence on the development of certain dermatological conditions. It is also advisable to use sunscreen , because the areas that have lost melanin are more sensitive to the sun, not to use tanning booths, no tattoo and get to know the disease . Share experiences with other affected also help the patient.