On the occasion of World Health Day to be held this Thursday, April 7, the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) notes which are the most frequent diseases in children.
“The Atopic dermatitis affects up to 20 percent of the pediatric population in developed countries and its prevalence is increasing due to lifestyles in industrialized societies , ” says Marina Rodriguez, a dermatologist and member of the AEDV. Rodriguez said that this disease is very common in children and the main symptoms are inflammation, the appearance of eczema, with a location that varies by age and intense itching.
Another common table are molluscum contagiosum : “This is a viral infection with a high power of infectiousness that affects up to 25 percent of children under 5 years . Can be transmitted by direct skin contact or by using cleaning tools such as towels , “Rodriguez said.
The viral warts are common in pediatric consultations. Rodriguez noted that most directly affect the palmar and plantar warts but those caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) may occur on any skin or mucosal surface. “These affect 10 percent of the population and are more prevalent in children with atopic dermatitis , ” he says .
Moreover, with increasing temperatures in the summer months increase cases of impetigo . “It is produced by a bacterium called Staphylococcus aureus and is highly contagious , some subtypes of this infection can produce blisters on the face, arms and trunk. The treatment is based on topical or oral antibiotics, depending on the extent and symptomatic to relieve itching and pain in the affected area measures “concludes Rodriguez.