The Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergy and Pediatric Asthma (SEICAP) warns that in the summer months the risk of increases urticaria in children , due to the sun, bathing in cold water and food intake and very cold drinks. Allergists Pediatricians recommend using a good sunscreen and apply it appropriately and hit not dive in cold water to avoid skin reactions.
- 3% of preschool has had some form of urticaria
SEICAP data show that 3 percent of preschoolers and 2 percent of children ages have suffered urticaria higher on occasion, and the more often times are spring and summer.Specifically, solar urticaria affects 2 percent of children who are exposed to sunlight and produce welts on arms and legs, even in covered areas of the body. These lesions usually appear in the first ten minutes after sun exposure with itching and redness and hives in areas of exposure, after half an hour, says Dr. Nuria Marco, member of the Working Group Atopic Dermatitis and Allergy Cutaneous the SEICAP. Symptoms usually disappear within one to three hours and are always repeated that the child is exposed to sunlight. The children can also suffer a red rash as a result of reaction Photoallergic sun exposure of the skin after application of creams, perfumes, deodorants and cosmetics or intake of any medicine.
SKIN REACTIONS FROM THE COLD
About hives produced after bathing in cold water, contact with frozen objects or ingestion of food or cold drinks, Mercedes Escarrer, member of the Working Group Atopic Dermatitis and Skin Allergy of SEICAP explains that itching, hives and swelling in the contact zone arising immediately and disappears between 30 minutes and after two hours the reaction, when the skin is heated again.
In these cases, Escarrer recommends “avoid plunging suddenly into cold water, no cold drinks, ice cubes or ice cream.” “If the water is over 25 degrees there is usually no problem, but check the temperature first, introducing a member of the body for five minutes to see if reaction occurs , ” he says. To diagnose this condition, the most commonly used test is the test of ice cube, which consists of applying ice, controlled and involved manner on the forearm of the child for five minutes and, after ten, observing the reaction. “The test is simple, but must be done in a controlled manner and specialist consultation because it is he who must interpret correctly the reaction and prevent ice burns occur , ” he warns. For treatment antihistamines such as hydroxyzine or cetirizine used.
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