10 tips for a healthy winter
We bring you a series of recommendations to be prepared and able to successfully face the coldest season of the year.
1. Maintain and reinforce hygiene habits
In winter, viruses that cause colds and flu circulate more frequently and the rate of infection increases due to being in closed and poorly ventilated environments. To do this, washing your hands is still one of the best ways to avoid infection. In addition, it is advisable to cover your mouth or cover your arm when sneezing or coughing to prevent the spread of germs. Also, you should avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose as this is how they spread the viruses present in their hands.
2. Avoid sudden changes in temperature
The extremes of temperature are harmful at this time of year. Therefore, it must be taken into account that the temperature of the home should be around 22º C and it is also advisable to ventilate the rooms periodically.
3. Be attentive to home protection
Winter is the season where most fires occur in the home. In this sense, it is advisable to sharpen the attention on this aspect and teach the children what to do in cases of domestic accidents.
There is also the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning due to combustion inside the home, so it is advisable not to install water heaters in the bathrooms, to check the exits to the outside of water heaters and stoves and that this work is done by a registered gas company and not use braziers for heating, in addition to always ensuring the ventilation of the rooms.
4. Do not neglect sunscreen
Sun rays can burn the skin during this time of year, especially for those who practice winter sports or outdoors or in places with high reflection of the sun’s rays (such as water and snow). Therefore, it is necessary to apply sun protection with high UV protection (ultraviolet) in areas of the skin that are not covered by clothing.
5. Strengthen skin care
During this time of year, the skin fights against the effects of cold and sudden changes in temperature. To deal with these variables it is advisable to be careful to moisturize, protect and nourish the skin to avoid flaking, pastures and cracks.
6. Take care of the food
In winter, the body needs more calories to cope with the cold, which raises the likelihood of gaining weight during the season. To avoid this situation, it is advisable to maintain feeding times, modify the temperature of the meals with warm foods and add a variety of nuts to the diet.
7. Increase the intake of vitamins
To combat the bad effects of winter it is necessary to increase the intake of vitamins A, CYD through appropriate foods (citrus, leafy vegetables, dairy, etc). Vitamin A prevents dry skin and cracks in the lips. For its part, vitamin C helps increase defenses and prevent colds.
8. Take care of the mood
The cold months represent many times of stress and sadness. In fact, some people are diagnosed with the so-called Seasonal Affective Disorder. Therefore, it is important to maintain a positive mental attitude and disposition. On the other hand, it is very helpful to rest and sleep in a pleasant environment with adequate temperature.
9. Persist with sports, even in cold weather
Practicing physical exercise will help to warm up and combat the cold. Therefore, it is ideal to schedule appropriate physical activities for the time of year in covered and well-ventilated spaces; It is also advisable to carry out a thorough and thorough preheating routine.
10. Adjust the clothing
The most practical advice is to dress in layers (technique “onion”) to stay dry and warm. If the weather is very cold, it is advisable to wear thermal clothing. Also, it is important to consider that babies and children should wear a layer of clothing more than an adult would wear in the same conditions. However, we must be aware that the abuse of too tight or tight clothing prevents proper perspiration.