The heat and humidity of summer are factors that increase the cases of fungal dermatological consultations. Not only because they are optimal conditions for their development, but because they favor a series of habits that facilitate its spread: barefoot, greater use of pools, communal showers and sports facilities.
- Extreme hygiene, keeping dry and vulnerable areas using appropriate footwear prevent certain infections; others are more difficult to avoid
The most common fungus at this time is ringworm, and more specifically the tinea pedis or athlete ‘s foot, which occurs between the toes. This can be developed by infection with other people or by the development of fungi already present in the affected person.
“The patient can drag your feet mycosis for years and manifest symptoms when they increase the local conditions of temperature, humidity and occlusion,” says Vicente Crespo, head of the Department of Dermatology at Hospital Carlos Haya, Malaga.
- Most fungal infections of the skin is mild and cured with topical antifungals
Is also common ringworm of the nails, which can affect one or more fingernails or, more frequently, feet. “The fungus enters the nail newly formed, causing thickening, loss of gloss and deformation part” Oscar synthesizes Cobos dermofarmacia pharmaceutical expert.
Experts also mention tinea versicolor , which is usually asymptomatic and mostly affects the back and chest, where spots appear on the dermis. “In this case the problem is not contagious, but a number of factors that makes it play a lot more in the skin of certain persons: overtemperature, sweating and humidity , ” says Antoni Campoy, Chief of Dermatology Idcsalud -Hospital General of Catalonia.
According to Crespo, although cured fairly easily, those affected should be aware that the symptoms will reappear when summer comes and will have to receive treatment every year.
- Tinea versicolor is easily cured but symptoms recur every summer
And something similar happens with vulvovaginitis by Candida, which is part of the normal flora of the vagina and digestive tract, and in summer spreads more assiduously by an increase in humidity and temperature, especially by maintaining post bathing suit, without drying, for a long time.
Overall, the main symptoms of yeast infections are redness, itching, burning, cracking or peeling, blisters, odor, hyperhidrosis and sometimes pain. Most of these ailments is mild and often cured using antifungal creams, but there are treatments that are taken orally, mandatory way if you want to reach a definitive cure certain infections: ringworm of the scalp, affecting nails and / or the plantar and showing more than one lesion in other locations.
To prevent infection by fungi, experts insist that it is important to maintain good hygiene, wash your hands often, especially after touching animals, showering after exercise and try to keep feet clean and dry, especially between the toes .
Proper footwear is also vital. “Closed footwear is a good incubator,” says Oscar Cobos, who adds that it is best not to wear the same pair two days in a row.
DIFFICULT TO PREVENT
Tinea versicolor is more difficult to avoid. “In some patients , periodic antifungal therapy is recommended and advised to avoid what causes excessive sweating, as tight clothing, and use fat creams on the skin of the trunk , ” Campoy said.
- Suspecting a skin pathology, identify the allergen
- Onychomycosis: the trivialization and lack of adherence hinder their approach