Foods that contain bacteria, viruses, parasites or harmful chemicals cause more than 200 diseases ranging from diarrhea to cancer. In fact, according to WHO data, unhealthy foods are related to the death of about two million people a year, mostly children.
The World Health Organization takes advantage of the celebration of World Health Day to promote measures to improve food safety along the entire chain from the farm or orchard to the dish. Among them, they highlight these five key promoted by the Department of Food Safety, Zoonoses and Foodborne Diseases WHO:
1. Maintaining cleanliness. It is recommended to wash your hands before preparing food and often do during preparation. It is also important to wash your hands after using the toilet, handling garbage, blowing your nose, smoking and playing with pets. Must wash and disinfect surfaces and used in food preparation equipment. Although most microorganisms do not cause disease, dangerous are present widely in soil, water, animals and people. They are in the hands, cleaning cloths and utensils, especially cutting boards.
2. Separate raw and cooked foods. You have to separate red meat, poultry meat and raw fish from other foods. In addition, it is advisable to use equipment and utensils such as knives and cutting boards for handling raw foods. When preserving food, different containers are used, to avoid contact between raw and cooked. Raw food can contain dangerous microorganisms qeu transferred to other food during preparation or preservation.
3. Cook food thoroughly. Especially red meat, poultry, eggs and fish. It is recommended to boil foods like soups and stews to ensure that they have reached 70 ° C. Juices of red meat and poultry must be clear, not pink. When reheating cooked food, do it completely. There are cooking foods that require special attention, such as ground beef, roast beef round, large pieces of meat and whole poultry. It should also remember that you should avoid overcooking when frying food or cooking grilled or baked, because they can produce toxic chemicals.
4. Safe Temperatures for food. Do not leave cooked at room temperature for more than two hours food. Be cooled as soon as possible cooked foods and perishables (preferably below 5 ° C). It is advisable to keep the food hot (above 60 ° C before serving) not food for a long time, even in the refrigerator. It is not recommended to defrost food at room temperature. At temperatures below 5 ° C or above 60 ° C, the microbial growth is slowed or stopped.
5. Using safe raw materials and water. If the water is not safe it should be treated so that it is. It is advised to select healthy and frecos foods and foods that have been processed for safety, such as pasteurized milk. Fruit, vegetables and vegetables should Wash thoroughly, especially if eaten raw. The careful selection of raw materials and taking simple measures such as washing and peeling may reduce the risk.
In addition to these five measures to ensure food safety, experts recall the importance of following a healthy lifestyle, away from food excesses, sedentary lifestyle, snuff or lack of sleep and based on these five pillars:
6. Eating a balanced diet . Bring to our body variety of foods in appropriate quantities to our physical characteristics, it is vital. Experts from DKV Institute of Healthy Living advise moderate consumption of fatty meats, pastries, cakes, sugar and soft drinks. It is also recommended to drink daily cereal products and potatoes, vegetables, fruits, milk and dairy products, and olive oil.
7. Perform regular physical exercise is essential to maintain muscle tone and avoiding postural problems and back pain. In addition, it lowers blood pressure, promotes proper blood sugar level, improves bone density, strengthens the immune system, improves mood, reduces the chances of depression and helps regulate appetite. Perform a minimum of 60 minutes of daily physical activity, in the case of children and adolescents, and 30 to 60 minutes a day in the adult population, is one of the recommendations of the WHO, as recalled in the DKV Institute.
8. Resting necessary hours . Sleep is a key factor because, during its course, vital metabolic processes that affect our daily lives active succeed. The recommendation is to sleep seven to nine hours a day, plus set aside time for naps lasting half an hour “at most” because as recalled in the DKV Institute if this time is exceeded “the pressure is reduced sleep at night. ”
9. Maintain personal hygiene. Shower avoided by the presence of bacteria and germs that affect the health of our skin. The hand hygiene is the best barrier to prevent many diseases because it is the most common route of contact with bacteria, as claimed in DKV. Daily dental cleaning is also essential to avoid infection.
10. Avoid bad habits. Sedentary lifestyle, snuff consumption or excessive alcohol intake are the most common unhealthy habits that endanger our body, they explain the DKV Institute. Cigarette smoking is considered a drug dependence and chronic use involves high toxicity. Prolonged alcohol consumption increases the probability of bleeding esophageal, inflammation and damage to liver and pancreas, malnutrition or esophagus, colon, head, neck or breast cancer. We must also highlight the need for medical checkups on a regular basis, to detect those conditions that may occur despite maintaining a healthy life.